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|JACK MAIN CAÑON||[Dardanelles]|
“This was named after John Main, who ran sheep in this cañon for many years, starting in the early ’70s. He lived near what is now known as Warnerville on the old Warner grant.” (J. U. Wulf, Forest Supervisor, Stanislaus National Forest, in letter to District Forester, May 4, 1923.)
|JOHN MUIR TRAIL|
Selection of following route was made by State Engineer Wilbur F. McClure, after consulting with members of Sierra Club and U. S. Forest Service: Yosemite, Tenaya Lake, Tuolumne Meadows, Donohue Pass, Thousand Island Lake, Devils Postpile, Fish Creek, North Fork of Mono Creek, Bear Creek, Selden Pass, Blaney Meadows, Evolution Creek, Muir Pass, Grouse Meadow, Palisade Creek, Upper Basin of South Fork of Kings River, Pinchot Pass, Woods Creek, Rae Lake, Glen Pass, Bubbs Creek, Center Basin, Junction Pass, Tyndall Creek, Sandy Plateau, Crabtree Meadow, Mount Whitney.
Owing to difficulties on Palisade Creek, a temporary route was adopted from Grouse Meadow to Simpson Meadow; thence, via Granite Basin, to Kings River Cañon and Bubbs Creek.
Work was begun, August, 1915, under supervision of U. S. Forest Service field organization. Specifications: 30-inch minimum width, and 15 per cent maximum grade. Portions of trail already existed in passable condition, although rarely up to these specifications.
Construction done, 1915-1918: Blaney Meadows to Muir Pass, including suspension bridges across Piute Creek and South Fork of San Joaquin near Evolution Creek; Muir Pass to Grouse Meadow, including blasting of Barrier Rock; Grouse Meadow to Simpson Meadow, utilizing trail from Cartridge Creek to Simpson Meadow begun in 1914 with funds contributed by Sierra Club, Fresno County, and U. S. Forest Service; Bubbs Creek to Tyndall Creek, including junction and Shepherd passes, (supplemented by other funds). Some work was also done at Selden Pass, and on west side of Middle Fork of San Joaquin River near Mount Ritter.
The State Legislature made additional appropriations in 1919 and in 1921, but on both occasions the bills were vetoed by Governor Stephens. Again, in 1925, the Legislature appropriated $10,000, and this time the bill was signed by Governor Richardson with the following remarks: “While most of the population is interested in the roads for automobiles, it is good to know that we have a few citizens who are interested in the mountain trails and in visiting the wonderful and inaccessible places. I believe this appropriation will be of great worth.”
Meanwhile work has been done in improving and maintaining certain sections, partly by the U. S. Forest Service, and partly by donated funds.
S.C.B., 1915, IX:4, pp. 306-308; 1916 X:1, pp. 86-92; 1917, X:2, pp. 213-214, 221-225; 1918, X:3, pp. 330, 343-347. Farquhar: Northward Over the John Muir Trail, in S.C.B., 1920, XI:1, pp. 34-38.—Hutchinson: A New Link in the John Muir Trail, in S.C.B., 1923, XI:4, pp. 357-367.—Gleason, in Appalachia, November, 1920, XV:1, p. 36, and plates XII-XV.
The idea of a high mountain trail along the Sierra Nevada, close to the main crest, originated with Theodore S. Solomons. (A Search for a High Mountain Route from the Yosemite to the Kings River Cañon, in S.C.B., 1895, I:6, pp. 221-237.—See, also, S.C.B., 1896, I:7, pp. 287-288.) The search for the best route was later taken up by Joseph N. Le Conte, who established a route practically along the line of the John Muir Trail. (The High Mountain Route Between Yosemite and the Kings River Cañon, in S.C.B., 1909, VII:1, pp. 1-22.)
|JOHNSON, MOUNT (12,850)||[Mount Goddard]|
Willard D. Johnson (1861-1917), born at Brooklyn, New York; appointed assistant topographer U. S. Geological Survey, 1882; worked with Israel C. Russell in mapping Mono Lake region and adjacent Sierra Nevada, 1882-1883 (see Russell, in Fifth Annual Report of the U.S.G.S., for 1883-1884, and Eighth Annual Report of the U.S.G.S., for 1886-1887 climbed Mount Lyell and Mount Ritter and made first ascent of Banner Peak, 1883; in Colorado, 1888-1891; topographic work in gold belt, California, 1891-1894; appointed hydrographer, U.S.G.S., 1896; studied glacial features of eastern slope of Sierra Nevada, 1905-1907; visited Evolution Group with G. K. Gilbert, U.S.G.S., and E. C. Andrews, of New South Wales, and climbed Mount Darwin, 1903 (S.C.B., 1924, XII:1, pp. 88-90); studied earthquake faults near Lone Pine, 1909; transferred to U. S. Forest Service, 1913, but returned to U. S. Geological Survey. Owing to failing health, left very little published work. Published The Profile of Maturity in Alpine Glacial Erosion, in Journal of Geology, October-November, 1904, XII:7, pp. 569-578, under title of The Grade Profile in Alpine Glacial Erosion, reprinted, with changes, in S.C.B., 1905, V:4, pp. 271-278.
|JOHNSON PEAK (11,000)||[Mount Lyell]|
|J. O. PASS||[Tehipite]|
There is also a story, which, in the light of this testimony, appears fictitious, that a Portuguese sheep-herder carved the initials as a sign by which his brother could follow him.
|JORDAN, MOUNT (13,316)||[Mount Whitney]|
David Starr Jordan, educator, foremost authority on fishes, advocate of international peace; born at Gainesville, N. Y., 1851; M.S., Cornell, 1872; M.D., Indiana Medical College, 1875; Ph.D., Butler, 1878; LL.D., Cornell, 1886, Johns Hopkins, 1902, University of California, 1913, and others; president, Indiana University, 1885-1891; president, Stanford University, 1891-1913; chancellor, 1913-1916; emeritus since 1916; author of many books and other publications.
In August, 1899, Dr. Jordan, with a party of Stanford associates, spent several weeks in the Bubbs Creek region of Kings River. On this occasion he explored and mapped Ouzel Creek, to which he gave its name, and climbed Mount Stanford. For a portion of the peak now named Mount Jordan he proposed the name Crag Reflection, but this was never adopted. (S.C.B., 1900, III:1, p. 109, and map; Kellogg: A Stanford Party in the Kings River Cañon, in Sunset, November, 1899; Jordan: The Kings River Cañon and the Alps of the Great Divide, in Sunset, April, 1900; Jordan: The Alps of the Kings-Kern Divide, in The Land of Sunshine, March, 1900, republished in book form, 1907; Jordan: The Days of a Man, 1922, Vol. I, pp. 650-655.)
“I feel much honored to be associated in any way with these great granite mountains, and also to get in line with my fellow evolutionists, Dana, Lyell, and the rest of them. I am sure that Agassiz would have been one of us if he had been born a little later or could have lived a little longer.” (Letter from David Starr Jordan, February 9, 1926.)
Probable first ascent, by Norman Clyde, July 15, 1925. (S.C.B., 1926, XII:3, p. 307.)
|JUNCTION PEAK (13,903)||[Mount Whitney]|
First ascent August 8, 1899, by Edwin Bingham Copeland and E. N. Henderson. (S.C.B., 1900, III:2, p. 172.)
|JUNE LAKE||[Mount Lyell]|
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