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The Atlantic to the Pacific: What to See and How to See it (1873), by John Erastus Lester


TREES AND PLANTS OF THE ROCKY MOUNTAINS.

The following list contains the principal trees and plants found in these mountains; and for its completeness I am indebted to Capt. Berthoud, Chief Engineer of the Colorado Central Railroad.

Abronia fragrans.
Acer circinatumVine maple.
A. negundo Box elder.
Achillea millefoliumCommon yarrow, or milfoil.
Aconitum reclinatumMonk’s-hood.
Actaea rubraRed baneberry.
Aira pallens Red-grass.
Allium triflorumOnion, or leek.
Alnus incanaSpeckled alder.
Amelanchier alnifoliaJune berry.
Amphicarpaea monoicaWild-hog peanut.
Anemone multifidaMany-cleft anemone.
A. Virginiana Wind-flower.
Aquilegia ceruleaBlue columbine.
Arabis falcata Rock-cress.
Arctostaphylos uva-ursiTrailing arbutus.
Arenaria Sandwort, several varieties.
Argemone MexicanaMexican poppy.
Arnica Montana Arnica.
Artemisia canadensisWormwood, white sage.
Aster Novae-Angliae Common New-England aster.
Astragalus caryocarpusMilk-vetch.
A. filifolius.
A. hypoglottis.
A. mollissimus.
A. Plattensis.
Berberis aquifolium Mahonia, blue barberry.
Betula glandulosaRocky-mountain birch.
Ceanothus ovalis New-Jersey tea, or red root.
Cerastium arvenseField chickweed.
Cheiranthus Cheiri Wall-flower, yellow.
Chimaphilla maculataPrinces’-pine.
Clematis Viorna Leather-flower.
C. VirginianaCommon virgin’s-bower.
Convolvulus arvensis Bindweed.
Corallorhiza multifloraCoral-root.
Corydalis aurea Golden corydalis.
Cypripedium candidumWhite lady’s-slipper.
Delphinium album White larkspur.
D. menziessiLarkspur.
Dodecatheon meadia American cowslip.
Draba vernaWhitlow grass.
Echinospernum Lappula Stick-seed.
Ellisia Nyctelea.
Epilobium spicatumWillow-herb.
Erigeron compositum.
Erysimum cheiranthoides Worm-seed mustard.
Euphorbia corollataFlowering spurge.
Frasera Carolinensis American columbo.
Gilia fragrans.
G. pulchella.
G. rosea.
Glyceria.
Ipomoea leptophylla.
Jamesia AmericanaMountain shrub.
Lilium Canadense Wild yellow lily.
Linnaea borealisTwin flower.
Linum BoottiiYellow flax.
L. percumBlue flax.
Lippia cuneafolia Fog-fruit.
Lithospermum longiflorum.      
Lupinus perennisWild lupine.
Malva moschataMusk mallow.
Mentha borealisHorsemint.
M. piperita Peppermint.
M. viridisSpearmint.
MertensiaLungwort.
Mimulus JamesiiMonkey-flower.
Moneses unifioraA very fragrant mountain flower.
Nasturtium palustreMarsh-cress.
Nycterum lobatum Yellow-weed.
OenotheraIn varieties.
Obione canescens.
Pentstemon ceruleum Beard-tongue.
Phlox DrummondiiA showy annual of our gardens.
P. SubulataMoss pink.
Polemonium ceruleumValerian.
Populus angulataBitter poplar.
P. grandidentataCottonwood.
P. tremuloides American aspen.
Primula farinosaPrimrose.
P. rosea.
Ranunculus Buttercup.
Rhus aromaticaFragrant sumach.
R. typhina Staghorn sumach.
Ribes aureumBuffalo or Missouri currant.
Rubus Nutkanus White flowering raspberry.
Sedum luteumStone moss.
Silene acaulis Moss catchfly.
Sida coccineaRed-flowering sida.
Spiraea opulifolia Meadow-sweet.
Spiranthes cernuaLadies’-tresses.
Thermopsis MontanaYellow pea.
Tradescantia VirginicaSpiderwort.
Verbena Aubletia Verbena.
V. bracteosa.
Viola cucullataViolet—Heart’s-ease,
V. palmata.
V. pubescens.
V. rotundifolia.
Yucca angustifoliaSoap-weed, resembles our
garden Yucca, Y. filententosa.

Note.—Many of the above plants will be recognised as favourites in Eastern gardens. There are many plants not as yet identified and named, as there has been no complete flora made of the United States West of the Mississippi. Tourists will observe how much more brilliant the blossoms of the same plant are up on the mountains than in the valleys. In the higher belts of vegetation, Nature has constructed her plants and trees to adapt them to their situation.



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Online Library: Title Author California Geology History Indians Muir Mountaineering Nature Management

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