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Miwok Material Culture: Indian Life of the Yosemite Region (1933) by S. A. Barrett and E. W. Gifford


CARRYING

Baskets of water and acorn soup were carried on the right shoulder, steadied with both hands. No leaves were put on the water to prevent its spilling. Sometimes a basket of water or soup was carried by setting it in a burden basket and carrying it on the back with the aid of the tump line (luke, C) of deer skin. No carrying net was employed. Deer were carried by tying the four legs together with skin slit up from the hoof of each foot. They were carried either on the head or over both shoulders. In the latter case the head of the carrier was slipped through the space between the deer’s tied legs and body, the legs being held on the carrier’s chest.

The burden basket and the carrying cradle are described under “Basketry”. A litter (taka, C) of branches was employed in transporting the corpse to the funeral pyre, and in recent times to the grave. Modern examples are made of boards and have four legs.



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