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Miwok Material Culture: Indian Life of the Yosemite Region (1933) by S. A. Barrett and E. W. Gifford


LOOPED STIRRERS AND PADDLES

The University’s collection contains four looped mush stirrers, two of oak, two of unidentified material. Three are Southern Miwok, one Central, none Northern nor Plains. Of mush paddles there are nine, three of oak, one of manzanita, five of unidentified wood. Four are Northern Miwok, five Central, and none Southern or Plains. See plate XXXI, figs. 1-5.

A paddle of oak (70104), two of manzanita (70103, 70108), and one of pine (70105), all from the Central Miwok, were seen in the Field Museum of Natural History. 70104 and 70103 were 68 cm. long, 70105 was 79 cm. long. The last had a very narrow blade of only five centimeters width. The Field Museum has also a looped stirrer of hazel (70107) from Groveland, and one of an unidentified wood (70106) from Madera county.

The paddle was the preferred Northern implement, the looped stirrer the preferred Southern implement.



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