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Miwok Material Culture: Indian Life of the Yosemite Region (1933) by S. A. Barrett and E. W. Gifford


INTRODUCTION

The Miwok proper who occupied a considerable section of the Sierra Nevada range of mountains, together with their western foothills and a relatively small portion of the adjacent Sacramento-San Joaquin Valley in California,1a came into contact at a relatively early time with the whites. Both in the “Mission period” and during the gold rush of “49” their numbers were heavily depleted and their culture suffered greatly. Hence it was with difficulty that information was obtained concerning some features of the Miwok culture. The data on which this paper is based were obtained from Miwok informants during field trips in behalf of the University of California in and after 1906.

In addition to the collections of the University of California Museum of Anthropology from which most of our detailed studies of Miwok specimens were made, there was also made available to the authors the Miwok material in the Field Museum of Natural History and the Peabody Museum of American Archaeology and Ethnology at Harvard University. Our appreciation of these courtesies is here acknowledged. All specimens numbers preceded by 1- indicate that the objects are in the University of California Museum.

The orthography employed is that set forth in a previous paper on this same group.1b

Thanks are especially due to Professors W. A. Setchell, N. L. Gardner, and H. M. Hall, and to Miss Alice Eastwood for the identification of plants.

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1aSee Maps 2 and 3.
1bS. A. Barrett, 1908, 359-361. For full citations see bibliography.



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