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Wild Flowers of the Sierra (1958) by Douglass H. Hubbard


the foothills

The foothills of the Sierra are the first to be carpeted with wildflowers of countless varieties. As the foothills turn golden brown, flowers are in bloom in the meadows and valleys higher in the range. By summer’s end the flowers of the high country will be at their prime.


Gold Fields Baeria sp.

One of the largest groups of flowering plants is the sunflower family. Many California wildflowers
belong to it, including the Gold Fields (Baeria sp.), a common foothill flower.

Red Maids, Calandrinia ciliata
RED MAIDS
Calandrinia ciliata

In late afternoon these
small (3/4") , bright flowers
open. Common western
wildflower 6" to 2 ft. high.
March-April.
Yellow-and-white Monkey Flower, Mimulus bicolor
YELLOW-AND-WHITE
MONKEY FLOWER
Mimulus bicolor

Monkey flowers come in
many colors and sizes in
the Sierra. This species is
6 to 10" high, has 1/2"
flowers.

Prickly Poppy or Chicalota, Argemone platyceras
PRICKLY POPPY or CHICALOTE
Argemone platyceras

The Prickly Poppy, well-named for
its thorny exterior, prefers dry areas.
Plants to 3 ft. high with 4" flowers.
April-July.
Rabbbit Brush, Chrysothamnus nauseosus
RABBIT BRUSH
Chrysothamnus nauseosus

A shrub common on the east side of the
Sierra, 1 to 5 ft. tall. Rabbit Brush has
flower heads up to 3" in diameter.
California Buckeye, Aesculus californica
CALIFORNIA BUCKEYE
Aesculus californica

A foothill species 10 to 20 ft. tall with
bright green leaves. The showy flowers
grow in clusters up to 6" long. June.
 Five Spot or Calico Flower
FIVE SPOT or CALICO FLOWER
Nemophila maculata

The attractive Five Spot is an abundant
flower in foothill meadows. Stems 5 to
10", flowers up to 1" across. April-
August.
Fremontia or Flannel Bush, Fremontia californica
FREMONTIA or FLANNEL BUSH
Fremontia californica

The furry underside of the leaves of the
Flannel Bush gave it its name. Flowers
2" on shrubs usually 6 to 10 ft. tall.

 Chaparral Yucca, Yucca whipplei
CHAPARRAL YUCCA
Yucca whipplei

“The Candle of Our Lord” is the Spanish
name for the Yucca.This member of the Lily
family grows 8 to 14 ft. high. May-June.
Blue-eyed Grass, Sisyrinchium bellum
BLUE-EYED GRASS
Sisyrinchium bellum

Small (1/2") flowers on stems 10 to 20"
high, Blue-eyed Grass is found in many
parts of the West. March-May.
Lupine field
More than one hundred kinds of Lupine brighten California’s fields.

Chaparral Pea, Pickeringia montana
CHAPARRAL PEA
Pickeringia montana

This spiny, evergreen shrub lends
bright color to the foothills. Flowers
3/4" on plants 3 to 8 ft. high. May-June.
Golden Yarrow, Eriophyllum confertiflorum
GOLDEN YARROW
Eriophyllum confertiflorum

The flowers of the Golden Yarrow grow in
clusters which average 11/2" in diameter.
Dry area shrub 9 to 24" high. June-July.
Western Redbud, Cercis occidentalis
WESTERN REDBUD
Cercis occidentalis

The Redbud is an attractive foothill
shrub 8 - 15 ft., with clusters of 1/2"
flowers. It is also called Judas Tree.
(See cover) March-April.
Owl's Clover, Orthocarpus purpurascens
OWL’S CLOVER
Orthocarpus purpurascens

A bright wildflower common in open
fields and hillsides, Owl’s Clover grows
4 to 15" high. April-May.

Indian Paint Brush, Castilleia sp.
INDIAN PAINT BRUSH
Castilleia sp.

The Indian Paintbrush is a common
wildflower in many parts of the West.
Sometimes called Castilleia, its Latin
name, it grows 1 to 2 1/2 ft. high.
Amador Dudleya, Dudleya cymosa
AMADOR DUDLEYA
Dudleya cymosa

An attractive perennial herb with
flowering stems, this succulent grows
to 12". Usually found in rocky places.
June-July.
Mountain Lily, Leucocrinum montanum
MOUNTAIN LILY
Leucocrinum montanum

The beautiful and fragrant flowers of the
Mountain Lily grow in a central cluster
close to the ground.
Syringa or Mock Orange, Philadelphus lewisii
SYRINGA or MOCK ORANGE
Philadelphus lewisii

The fragrant Syringa, 4 to 11 ft. tall, will
be found in many parts of California.
Shoots were used by Indians for making
arrow shafts.

Blanket of flowers including Purple Owl's Clover and Popcorn Flowers
Many species of flowers including Purple
Owl’s Clover and Popcorn Flowers combine to
make a colorful blanket.
Cream Cups, Platystemon californicus
CREAM CUPS
Platystemon californicus

These flowers grow on stems 3 to 12" high
with leaves on lower portion only. In clay or
sandy soils.
Bush Lupine, Lupinus
BUSH LUPINE
Lupinus sp.

One of the largest lupines, the Bush Lupine,
may grow to 6 ft. high. Common along
foothills of central and southern Sierra.
Wyethia helenioides
WYETHIA
Wyethia helenioides

A common perennial along the lower
slopes of the Sierra, the Wyethia has
flowers up to 4" in diameter on stems 1
to 2 ft. high.

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