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ADAMS, James Capen, born Medway, Massachusetts, 1807; came to California, 1849; abandoned civilization and made his home in the wilds of the Sierra Nevada, 1852-1855, with headquarters camp between Merced and Tuolumne rivers, not far from Yosemite; visited Yosemite Valley, 1854; captured wild animals, especially grizzly-bear cubs, which he reared to maturity and trained to follow him; traveled widely with his animal train; came to San Francisco and exhibited his animals (the grizzlies “Samson,” “Lady Washington,” “Ben Franklin,” with elk, mountain lions, and others), 1855-1859; sailed for New York, 1860, and contracted with P. T. Barnum, exhibiting his animals in New England during summer of 1860; died before the end of that year. (The Adventures of James Capen Adams, Mountaineer and Grizzly Bear Hunter, of California, by Theodore H. Hittell, published in Boston and San Francisco, 1860; reprinted, 1911.)
AGNEW, Jesse Barber, born Iowa, 1863; son of Abram Agnew, a typical pioneer, who crossed the plains from Ohio to California several times between 1846 and 1873, when he brought his family and settled in Santa Clara Valley; Jesse worked for D. K. Zumwalt in Tulare County, 1883-1891; engaged in seed business in San Jose and San Francisco, 1891-1920; acquired lands in Kings River Cañon, Horse Corral Meadow and vicinity, in partnership with Zumwalt; donated eighty acres in Kings River Cañon to Sierra Club, 1924. (S.C.B., 1924, XII, p. 93.)
AYRES, Thomas A., born New Jersey; came to California, 1849; a landscape painter; accompanied James M. Hutchings on the first tourist trip to Yosemite Valley, 1855. “In October, 1855, was published a lithographic view of the Yo Semite Fall (then called Yo-Ham-i-te), from the sketch taken for the writer by Mr. Thomas Ayres, in the preceding June, and which was the first pictorial representation of any scene in the great valley ever given to the public.” (Hutchings: In the Heart of the Sierras, 1886, p. 97.) This lithograph was followed shortly afterwards by another showing the general view of the valley as sketched by Ayres, June 20, 1855 [Editor’s note: the correct date is June 27, 1855.—dea], the first drawing of Yosemite ever made. (Same, p. 88.) In 1856, Ayres made a second trip to Yosemite, this time on his own account, and made a number of drawings, which eventually found their way to England. (See photographic copies in California State Library, Sacramento.) Trip described by Ayres in Daily Alta California, August 6, 1856. These views were exhibited in New York, 1857, and Ayres was engaged by Harper & Brothers to illustrate several articles on California. (Sacramento Daily Union, June 1, 1858.) Lost at sea on the “Laura Bevan,” en route from San Pedro to San Francisco, April, 1858. (Daily Alta California, May 27, 1858.) “His ingenuity and adaptability to circumstances, with his uniform kindness and good-nature, made him the very soul of the party.” (Bunnell: Discovery of the Yosemite, 1880, p. 311.)
BADÈ, William Frederic, born Minnesota, 1871; A.B., Moravian College, Pennsylvania; B.D., 1894; Ph.D., 1898; B.D., Yale, 1895; professor of languages and Old Testament literature, Moravian College, 1896-1902; professor of Old Testament literature and Semitic languages, Pacific School of Religion, Berkeley, California, since 1902. President of Sierra Club, 1919-1922; a director since 1907; editor Sierra Club Bulletin, 1911-1922; editor Life and Letters of John Muir, 2 volumes, 1923-1924; editor of Muir’s A Thousand-Mile Walk to the Gulf (1916), The Cruise of the Corwin (1917), Steep Trails (1918).
BOLING (or Bowling), John; captain of one of three companies of Mariposa Battalion, 1851; name spelled Boling by Bunnell, Bowling in Elliott’s History of Fresno County and by Kuykendall; on first expedition to Yosemite Valley, March, 1851; on expedition in pursuit of Indians in upper San Joaquin region; in command of second expedition to Yosemite, May, 1851, going as far as Lake Tenaya; sheriff of Mariposa. County, 1852. (Bunnell: Discovery of the Yosemite, 188